Exploring Fauna of Indonesia: Unit 2: Orangutan (Rangkuman Materi Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9 SMP Kurikulum Merdeka)

Perkalian dan Pembagian Bilangan Desimal, Contoh dan Cara Menghitungnya (Rangkuman Materi Matematika SD/MI Kelas 4 Bab 16) Kurikulum Merdeka

Exploring Fauna of Indonesia: Unit 2: Orangutan | Rangkuman Materi Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9 | Chapter 1 | SMP | Kurikulum Merdeka | Wislah Indonesia |

Unit 2: Orangutan


Orangutans are great apes from Indonesia. Orangutan means man of the forest. They live in Sumatra and Borneo. The scientific name of Orangutan from Northern Sumatra is Pongo Abelii and the scientific name of Orangutan from Borneo is Pongo Pygmaeus.

Orangutans have big bodies. A male orangutan can be more than 100 kilograms. A male orangutan is quite tall. His height can be up to 150 centimeters tall. Female orangutans are smaller and shorter than the males. A mature female orangutan’s weight is about 40 kilograms. Her height is about 120 centimeters tall.

Orangutans have reddish brown hair. Unlike monkeys, they do not have tails. They have strong arms. They use their arms to swing between branches.

Orangutans live with their small family groups. They usually live in the tree branches where they build their nests. Orangutans’ favorite food is fruits. They also eat insects, honey, bird eggs, bark, and plants. They sometimes eat meat too. When they are thirsty, they sometimes drink the water from holes in the tree branches.

Orangutans are an endangered species because their habitat is threatened by people doing deforestation. The number of Bornean orangutans around 2017 was estimated at about 104,000 and the Sumatran orangutans about 7,500.

Possessive Adjectives

a. Study the following expressions about how to define an animal.

First, We can also use have or has to describe certain features that

belong to an animal, for example:

• A gorilla has black fur.

• An orangutan has black eyes.

• Orangutans and gorillas have long arms.

Note that have follows a plural subject and has follows a singular


Second, We use possessive adjectives to express the features of an

animal, for example:

• Gorilla’s fur is black.

• Orangutans and gorillas’ legs are long.

In first example, the subject is singular. So, we add apostrophe+s (‘s)

after the subject. In second example, the subject is plural and ends

with an ‘s’, so the possessive is formed by adding an apostrophe

after the ‘s’. No additional ‘s’ is necessary.

Note that we can change the expressions into:

• Its fur is black.

• Their legs are long.

Depending on the subject, possessive adjectives can take different

forms. Look at the table:

SubjectPossessive Adjective

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